A KUKA collaborative robot
Among the latest developments in robotics is the arrival of collaborative robots, or cobots, which has revolutionized the industrial world.
Collaborative robots are robots able to interact with their environment.
Cobots can work in the same space as an operator without a safety barrier. This cohabitation is made possible because collaborative robots are equipped with sophisticated security mechanisms, based on force control and constant monitoring of what is happening around them. Thanks to their sense of touch, special cameras and anti-collision systems, they coordinate their movements with those of human workers while ensuring that accidents are avoided.
The advantages of collaborative robots include low integration and start-up costs. Cobots’ learning method simplifies using and programming them. They are more flexible than other robots and can be moved from one workstation to another easily.
Their main disadvantages are their low payload and their operating speed which is lower than other robots.
Today, cobots are widely used in industrial production, particularly in the automotive sector, in inspection and handling, and in the medical field, particularly in surgery.